Substance abuse facts
10 most commonly abused drugs:
– marijuana, hashish
– Heroin, Opium
– Cocaine, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine
drugs – MDMA, GHB, Rohypnol
drugs – Ketamin, Salvia, Dextromethorphan
- LSD, Mescaline (peyote, buttons), psilocybin (mushrooms)
Compounds –anabolic steroids, inhalants (solvents- paint thinners,
glues, butane, whippets)
Medications – CNS Depressants, Stimulants, Opioid Pain Relievers
and over-the-counter medications
Some medications have psychoactive (mind-altering) properties and, because
of that, are sometimes abused—that is, taken for reasons or in ways
or amounts not intended by a doctor, or taken by someone other than
the person for whom they are prescribed. In fact, prescription and
over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are, after marijuana (and alcohol), the
most commonly abused substances by Americans 14 and older.
classes of prescription drugs most commonly abused are:
pain relievers, such as Vicodin or Oxycontin
for treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), such
as Adderall, Concerta, or Ritalin
nervous system (CNS) depressants for relieving anxiety, such as
Valium or Xanax.
most commonly abused OTC drugs are cough and cold remedies
often think that prescription and OTC drugs are safer than illicit
drugs, but that’s only true when they are taken exactly as
prescribed and for the purpose intended. When abused, prescription
and OTC drugs can be addictive and put abusers at risk for other
adverse health effects, including overdose—especially when taken
along with other drugs or alcohol.
are prescription drugs abused?
and OTC drugs may be abused in one or more of the following ways:
a medication that has been prescribed for somebody else.
Unaware of the dangers of sharing medications, people often
unknowingly contribute to this form of abuse by sharing their
unused pain relievers with their family members.
a drug in a higher quantity or in another manner than prescribed.
Most prescription drugs are dispensed orally in tablets, but abusers
sometimes crush the tablets and snort or inject the powder. This
hastens the entry of the drug into the bloodstream and the brain and
amplifies its effects.
a drug for another purpose than prescribed.
All of the drug types mentioned can produce pleasurable effects at
sufficient quantities, so taking them for the purpose of getting
high is one of the main reasons people abuse them.
2010, approximately 16 million Americans reported using a
prescription drug for nonmedical reasons in the past year.
abused prescription drugs
can be effective when they are used properly, but some can be
addictive and dangerous when abused.
types of prescription drugs are abused? Three types of drugs are
abused most often:
- Opioids - prescribed for pain relief:
CNS depressants - barbiturates and benzodiazepines prescribed for anxiety or sleep problems (often referred to as sedatives or tranquilizers)
Stimulants - prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the sleep disorder narcolepsy, or obesity:
- Opioids and Morphine Derivatives:
- Fentanyl and analogs:
- Other Opioid pain relievers: Tylox, Oxycontin, Percodan, Percocet
- Oxycodone HCL
- Amphetamines: Dexedrine, Adderall
- Methylphenidate: Concerta, Ritalin
- Other Compounds:
Dextromethorphan: DXM - found in some cough and cold medications